Sepsis: Symptoms and Precautions

Sepsis is a life threatening condition caused by the body’s response to an infection or injury. The chemicals released into the blood to fight the infection trigger widespread inflammation. This can lead to blood clots and leaky blood vessels. Severe sepsis can lead to multiple organ failure or even death.


Bacteria blood infection (image source)

Sepsis is defined as SIRS (Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome) in response to an infectious process. Sepsis is often associated with infections caused in organs such as lungs, brain, urinary tract and abdominal organs..

Stages of Sepsis


Stages of sepsis (image source)

 1: Sepsis

Sepsis is stage when the infection reaches the bloodstream and causes inflammation in the body. Early symptoms of sepsis should not be ignored.

2. Severe Sepsis

Severe sepsis is the stage when the infection is severe enough to affect the functioning of the organs such as the heart, brain, and abdominal organs. The symptoms may vary with the organ affected.

3. Sepsis shock

Septic shock is when you experience a significant drop in blood pressure that can lead to multiple organ failure or even death.

Symptoms of Sepsis

Sepsis symptoms:

  • High body temperature ( above 101F/ 38.3C) or low body temperature (below 96.8F/ 36C).
  • High heart rate.
  • High respiratory rate.

Severe sepsis symptoms:

  • chills
  • dizziness
  • fatigue
  • confusion
  • abdominal pain
  • severe muscle pain
  • slurred speech
  • shivering

Sepsis shock symptoms:

  • Extremely low blood pressure.

Precautions to Prevent Sepsis

Sepsis can occur to anyone, at any time, from any type of infection, and can affect any part of the body. It is necessary to get immediate treatment for proper recovery. Following are the precautions that can be taken to prevent sepsis:

  1. Prevent infections by practicing good hygiene.
  2. Get proper medical attention and vaccinate against flu, pneumonia, urinary tract infections and any other infections that could lead to sepsis.
  3. If you are  feeling worse day by day and not getting better from an infection, ask your doctor about sepsis.
  4. If you have severe infection, look for sepsis signs and symptoms.